What is online security?

A product you can use to scan your computer for viruses
Sorry, that is incorrect.
Please try again!
How to control what people can and cannot see on the internet
Sorry, that is incorrect.
Please try again!
Protecting yourself from scams, malware and hackers
Well done, you are correct!
Online security means knowing how to protect yourself from security risks such as viruses, phishing scams, ransomware and hackers. Learning about the risks and what you can do to keep your data and devices secure is essential

How long should a password be and which characters should it contain?

The length of the password is unimportant as long as it is changed frequently and you can remember it
Sorry, that is incorrect.
Please try again!
A good password should be at least 11 characters in length
Sorry, that is incorrect.
Please try again!
A good password should be at least 9 characters in length and should contain at least one random character and a number
Well done, you are correct!
When creating passwords, be sure to include lower and uppercase letters, numbers and special characters. Avoid using memorable words or names as these are easy to guess, and try not to use the same password for multiple accounts

How often should internet users change their passwords?

Monthly
Sorry, that is incorrect.
Please try again!
Every couple of years
Sorry, that is incorrect.
Please try again!
Once or twice a year
Well done, you are correct!
If you deal with a lot of sensitive data you might need to change passwords more often. For regular internet use, we recommend changing passwords once or twice a year - or immediately following any breach of security

What is a dictionary or brute force attack?

A way of overpowering an account by sending huge amounts of traffic to the server
Sorry, that is incorrect.
Please try again!
They are both made up and don’t exist!
Sorry, that is incorrect.
Please try again!
A way of trying to guess passwords by using an automated program that runs through multiple word, number and symbol combinations
Well done, you are correct!
These programs search for common words in the dictionary, common phrases and keystroke patterns to try and guess passwords. A good, strong password can take years to break if created properly

What is hacking?

Someone finding out your passwords and sharing embarrassing content on social media
Sorry, that is incorrect.
Please try again!
Someone trying to guess your passwords using common words and names unique to you
Sorry, that is incorrect.
Please try again!
Gaining access to people’s devices, cloud storage or online accounts without their permission
Well done, you are correct!
Hackers attempt to gain unauthorized access to devices and online accounts such as social media profiles, banks, email and other types of registration-based accounts. Hackers can steal personal data and information for financial gain or cause problems by disrupting your devices

What are the potential consequences of getting hacked?

It has happened before and I didn’t notice anything bad from it
Sorry, that is incorrect.
Please try again!
Losing control of your social media accounts and having them suspended or even closed permanently
Sorry, that is incorrect.
Please try again!
All of your connected devices could be affected including your webcam and microphone, as well as the loss of sensitive personal data which could result in fraud, ID theft or financial loss
Well done, you are correct!
Hackers can use personal data to create fake identities, blackmail victims, share private information or take control of devices connected to the internet

What is the best way to reduce your chances of getting hacked?

Using an anti-malware software to protect your devices and your personal data
Sorry, that is incorrect.
Please try again!
Being completely anonymous online so that hackers can’t find you
Sorry, that is incorrect.
Please try again!
Maintaining good online security practices including the use of strong passwords and not using public wifi for personal or sensitive online activities
Well done, you are correct!
Make sure that all of your devices and programs are updated and install anti-malware software for added protection. Strong passwords and using secure wifi connections will also help you avoid falling victim to hackers

What should you do if you have been hacked?

See if your devices are running normally and allow you to login to check if anything is different
Sorry, that is incorrect.
Please try again!
Change your passwords and turn your device off and back on again
Sorry, that is incorrect.
Please try again!
Change passwords, secure any personal data and inform your bank if you have any bank accounts, or your parents if you are using their bank account information to buy things online
Well done, you are correct!
If you use any credit cards online you should tell the bank or cardholder immediately when discovering the security breach. Changing all your passwords and reporting any fraudulent financial activity to the police are all a priority after getting hacked. You should also consider enabling two-factor authentication for added security, such as a password and security pin number

What is ransomware?

Software that records you through your webcam so that you can be blackmailed with the video later
Sorry, that is incorrect.
Please try again!
A device that can stop you using your computer files unless you pay a ransom
Sorry, that is incorrect.
Please try again!
A type of malicious software designed to block access to a device or personal files until money is paid
Well done, you are correct!
Ransomware is software that holds you to ransom, literally. Ransomware usually produces a browser pop-up or some kind of instruction to pay money before you are allowed to access your files or use your device again

What should you do if you are exposed to ransomware?

Pay the ransom. Disconnect the device from your internet network and run a virus scan as soon as possible
Sorry, that is incorrect.
Please try again!
Don’t pay the ransom and call the police
Sorry, that is incorrect.
Please try again!
Do not pay the ransom. Disconnect the device from your internet network and run a virus scan as soon as possible
Well done, you are correct!
Don’t pay any money as there is no guarantee this will work and you might compromise yourself further. Ransomware can be safely prevented and removed by using good anti-malware software

What is a phishing scam?

Fraudulently trying to obtain the address and phone numbers of internet users to harass them
Sorry, that is incorrect.
Please try again!
Trying to get personal and sensitive data using deceptive or disguised emails and messages
Sorry, that is incorrect.
Please try again!
Fake or disguised emails, messages or phone calls that try to get your personal details or other sensitive information
Well done, you are correct!
The most common form of phishing scams are fake emails that ask for your personal details or verification of your passwords and security pin numbers

What is the best way to avoid falling victim to a phishing scam?

Explore links within emails and messages to see if they are who they say they are
Sorry, that is incorrect.
Please try again!
Use the contact information within emails and messages to verify the identity of the sender
Sorry, that is incorrect.
Please try again!
Install anti-malware software on all your devices and carefully check all emails and messages that ask for your personal details or encourage you to click on any links
Well done, you are correct!
Aside from remaining vigilant, carrying out system updates and performing regular virus scans will help to avoid you falling victim to phishing. Never click on links or use contact details provided in a suspicious email!

What is malware?

A type of virus called a “Trojan Horse” which bypasses your security by disguising itself as a safe file
Sorry, that is incorrect.
Please try again!
A hidden device that plugs into your computer and steals your data
Sorry, that is incorrect.
Please try again!
Malicious software designed to damage and disrupt your devices or personal data
Well done, you are correct!
Malware is a general term that covers all types of software designed to cause damage and steal personal information. Phishing scams, ransomware and viruses are all malware